MODULE P3040A TITLE 'P3040A' "Version 1 [16-MAR-22] Based on P3028P04.abl. We modify for A3040AV1 on A304001A PCB. This" "PCB requires that we commandear D0 of the 5-bit tuning DAC to use for SCK, which we wire" "to U3-7. Only even-numbered frequency_low values are possible." "Version 2 [21-MAR-22] Getting the version numbers right, and matching channel numbers to" "inputs." declarations "Configuration Parameters" "========================" "Version | Number | Description" "------------------------------" " D1 1 128 SPS 40 Hz X1, X2, X3, X4" " D2 2 256 SPS 80 Hz X1, X2, X3, X4" " D3 3 512 SPS 160 Hz X1, X2, X3, X4" " D4 4 1024 SPS 320 Hz X1, X2, X3, X4" "Set the transmitter version number" VERSION = 3; "The channel number can be 1-14, 17-30, 33-46, 49-62, 65-78, 81-94, 97-110, 113-126," "129-142, 145-158, 161-174, 177-190, 193-206, 209-222. These ranges correspond to" "sets 0-13 respectively. We reserve ranges 225-238 and 241-254 for test devices and" "possible future channel number ranges expansions." channel_num = 5; "The set number is the channel number divided by sixteen." set_num = channel_num / 16; "The base identifier is the channel number modulo sixteen." base_id = channel_num % 16; "Calibration Parameters" "======================" "Fast Clock Divisor, use to set TCK period in range 195-215 ns. Supported" "range for fck_divisor is 8 to 30." fck_divisor = 27; "Frequency Low, use to center transmit spectrum in range 913-918 MHz." frequency_low = 22; "Parameters" "==========" "Version-Dependent Parameters Set Automatically. Note that the main body of" "this program presumes the existence of a Y-channel, which does not exist in" "the A3028P. We disable the Y-channel in all versions of the A3028P firmware." @IF (VERSION == 1) { ck_divisor=64; "Total Sample Rate 512 SPS enable_x1=1; "X1 Input Enabled 128 SPS" enable_x2=1; "X2 Input Enabled 128 SPS" enable_x3=1; "X3 Input Enabled 128 SPS" enable_x4=1; "X4 Input Enabled 128 SPS" regular_sampling=0; "Sample with scatter" } @IF (VERSION == 2) { ck_divisor=32; "Total Sample Rate 1024 SPS enable_x1=1; "X1 Input Enabled 256 SPS" enable_x2=1; "X2 Input Enabled 256 SPS" enable_x3=1; "X3 Input Enabled 256 SPS" enable_x4=1; "X4 Input Enabled 256 SPS" regular_sampling=0; "Sample with scatter" } @IF (VERSION == 3) { ck_divisor=16; "Total Sample Rate 2048 SPS enable_x1=1; "X1 Input Enabled 512 SPS" enable_x2=1; "X2 Input Enabled 512 SPS" enable_x3=1; "X3 Input Enabled 512 SPS" enable_x4=1; "X4 Input Enabled 512 SPS" regular_sampling=0; "Sample with scatter" } @IF (VERSION == 4) { ck_divisor=8; "Total Sample Rate 4096 SPS enable_x1=1; "X1 Input Enabled 1024 SPS" enable_x2=1; "X2 Input Enabled 1024 SPS" enable_x3=1; "X3 Input Enabled 1024 SPS" enable_x4=1; "X4 Input Enabled 1024 SPS" regular_sampling=0; "Sample with scatter" } "Set the transmit clock divisor, tck_divisor, and the ring oscillator length," "ring_length, to suit fck_divisor. The TCK period will be two gate delays" "multiplied by tck_divisor multiplied by ring_length. For 7.5-ns chips, two" "internal gate delays are roughly 9.3 ns. The ring length must be at least 3." "A ring length of 2 runs too fast, causing glitches and counter failure." "The maximum ring length in this code is 13, but ultimately is limited by the" "available logic outputs. The tck_divisor must be 2 or greater. We need at least" "two divider states to create a symmetric transmit clock signal. And tck_divisor" "must also be less than 32 because we have at most five divisor bits in this" "code. As a result of these restrictions, some fck_divisor values do not have" "their own unique and correct combination of tck_divisor * ring_length. These are" "values 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, and 34." @IF (fck_divisor == 8) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 9) {tck_divisor = 3; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 10) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 11) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 12) {tck_divisor = 4; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 13) {tck_divisor = 4; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 14) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 7;} @IF (fck_divisor == 15) {tck_divisor = 5; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 16) {tck_divisor = 4; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 17) {tck_divisor = 4; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 18) {tck_divisor = 6; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 19) {tck_divisor = 6; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 20) {tck_divisor = 5; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 21) {tck_divisor = 7; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 22) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 11;} @IF (fck_divisor == 23) {tck_divisor = 8; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 24) {tck_divisor = 8; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 25) {tck_divisor = 5; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 26) {tck_divisor = 2; ring_length = 13;} @IF (fck_divisor == 27) {tck_divisor = 9; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 28) {tck_divisor = 7; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 29) {tck_divisor = 7; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 30) {tck_divisor = 6; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 31) {tck_divisor = 6; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 32) {tck_divisor = 8; ring_length = 4;} @IF (fck_divisor == 33) {tck_divisor = 11; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 34) {tck_divisor = 11; ring_length = 3;} @IF (fck_divisor == 35) {tck_divisor = 7; ring_length = 5;} @IF (fck_divisor == 36) {tck_divisor = 9; ring_length = 4;} "Other Parameters" frequency_step=2; "HI frequency - LO frequency" enable_rf=1; "Turns on RF oscillator during transmission" "Channel ID" I3..I0 node istype 'com'; "Transmitter ID nodes" id = [I3..I0]; "Completion Code" CC3..CC0 node istype 'com'; "Completion Code Bits" cc =[CC3..CC0]; "Inputs and Outputs" "==================" CK pin A3; "Clock From 32-kHz Oscillator" "F4..F0 pin C1,D1,E1,F1,G1 istype 'reg'; F4..F0 pin C1,D1,E1,F1,B4 istype 'reg'; "DAC Bits, F0 diverted" !SHDN pin G8 istype 'com'; "Shutdown Control for Transmitter" TP1 pin H3 istype 'com'; "Test Point" TP2 pin H6 istype 'com'; "Test Point" TP3 pin istype 'com'; "Test Point" CONV pin A8 istype 'com'; "Convert for ADC" SDO pin A5; "Serial Data Out for ADC" "SCK pin B4 istype 'com'; SCK pin G1 istype 'com'; "Serial Clock for ADC, using F0 pin" A1..A0 pin A6,A7 istype 'reg'; "Channel Address" L0..L8 pin A2,A4,C3,C4,D3,G4,H4,D7,D8; "Layout Pins" "Nodes" "=====" FCK node istype 'com,keep'; "Fast Clock" TCK node istype 'reg,keep'; "Transmission Clock" ECK node istype 'reg,keep'; "End Clock" VCK node istype 'reg,keep'; "VCO Clock" ST0..ST8 node istype 'reg'; "Sample Timer" R1..R12 node istype 'com,keep'; "Ring Oscillator Bit" TXS0..TXS5 node istype 'reg,pos'; "Transmitter State" ACTIVE node istype 'reg,keep'; "Active period of 32-kHz" TXD node istype 'com,keep'; "Transmitter Done" TCKD0..TCKD4 node istype 'reg'; "Transmit Clock Divider" TCKDZ node istype 'reg,keep'; "Transmit Clock Divider Zero" ADC0..ADC3 node istype 'reg'; "ADC Bits" TTS0..TTS3 node istype 'reg'; "Transmit Time Shift" SDOS node istype 'reg,keep'; "SDO Synchronized" YSEL node istype 'reg'; "Select Channel Y for Transmission" YCONV node istype 'reg'; "Select Channel Y for Conversion" BIT node istype 'com,keep'; "The output bit value" "Sets" "====" "Sample Timer, depends upon ck_divisor to eliminate unused bits." "Likewise, the active time, which is the moment during the period" "at which we transmit a sample, depends upon how many bits we have" "in the Sample Timer." @IF (ck_divisor == 4) { "Frequency 8192 SPS, scatter is +-1 ticks. st = [ST1..ST0]; active_time = [0,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 8) { "Frequency 4096 SPS, scatter is +-2 ticks. st = [ST2..ST0]; active_time = [0,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 16) { "Frequency 2048 SPS, scatter is +-4 ticks. st = [ST3..ST0]; active_time = [0,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 32) { "Frequency 1024 SPS, scatter is +-8 ticks. st = [ST4..ST0]; active_time = [0,TTS3,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 64) { "Frequency 512 SPS, scatter is +-8 ticks. st = [ST5..ST0]; active_time = [0,0,TTS3,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 128) { "Frequency 256 SPS, scatter is +-8 ticks. st = [ST6..ST0]; active_time = [0,0,0,TTS3,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 256) { "Frequency 128 SPS, scatter is +-8 ticks. st = [ST7..ST0]; active_time = [0,0,0,0,TTS3,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } @IF (ck_divisor == 512) { "Frequency 64 SPS, scatter is +-8 ticks. st = [ST8..ST0]; active_time = [0,0,0,0,0,TTS3,TTS2,TTS1,TTS0]; } "Transmit Clock Divider, depends upon tck_divisor to eliminate unused" "bits" @IF (tck_divisor <= 4) { tckd = [TCKD1..TCKD0]; } @IF (tck_divisor >= 5) & (tck_divisor <= 8) { tckd = [TCKD2..TCKD0]; } @IF (tck_divisor >= 9) & (tck_divisor <= 16) { tckd = [TCKD3..TCKD0]; } @IF (tck_divisor >= 17) { tckd = [TCKD4..TCKD0]; } txs = [TXS5..TXS0]; "Transmitter State" adc_bits = [ADC3..ADC0]; "ADC Bits" transmit_time_shift = [TTS3..TTS0]; "Transmit Time Shift" frequency = [F4..F0]; "Frequency Voltage for Five-Bit DAC" channel = [A1..A0]; "Constants" "=========" num_sync_bits=11; "Number of synchronizing bits at transmission start." num_id_bits = 4; "Number of ID bits" num_start_bits = 1; "Transmitted zero to mark data start" num_stop_bits = 2; "Not transmitted, for txs termination" num_data_bits = 16; "Number of ADC data bits" num_xmit_bits = "Number of transmission bit periods" num_sync_bits + num_start_bits + num_id_bits + num_data_bits + num_id_bits; txs_done = "Final state of txs machine" num_xmit_bits + num_stop_bits; first_sync_bit = 1; first_start_bit = first_sync_bit + num_sync_bits; first_id_bit = first_start_bit + num_start_bits; first_data_bit = first_id_bit + num_id_bits; first_cc_bit = first_data_bit + num_data_bits; start_sck = "The txs state for first SCK falling edge" first_data_bit - 1; end_sck = "The txs state for last SCK falling edge" start_sck + num_data_bits - 1; equations "The Sample Timer runs off the 32.678-kHz clock and counts up to" "ck_divisor-1 to give a sample period of 32.768 kHz divided" "by ck_divisor." st.clk=CK; when (st==ck_divisor-1) then { st:=0; } else { st:=st+1; } "The ECK clock occurs at the end of each sample period." ECK.clk=CK; ECK:=(st==ck_divisor-2); "When ACTIVE is asserted, we begin a burst transmission." "When it is unasserted, we reset the burst transmission" "state machine. We must make sure that ACTIVE remains true" "for long enough for the burst transmission to complete." "ACTIVE becomes true when the Sample Timer reaches the active" "time set at the end of the previous sample period. This" "active time is made up of the lower four bits of the sample" "transmitted in the previous sample period. Because these" "four bits are dominated by noise, they are random and so" "produce a random disturbance of the transmit instant, which" "avoids systematic collisions between transmitters." ACTIVE.clk=CK; ACTIVE:=(st==active_time); "TXD is true when the transmitter completes its burst" "transmission." TXD=(txs==txs_done); "Channel select" channel.clk = ACTIVE; channel := channel + 1; "We change the transmit channel number to match the input" "channel number that we digitized after the previous sample" "was read out and transmitted." when (channel==1) then { id = base_id; cc = 15 - base_id + set_num; } when (channel == 2) then { id = base_id + 1; cc = 15 - base_id - 1 + set_num; } when (channel == 3) then { id = base_id + 2; cc = 15 - base_id - 2 + set_num; } when (channel == 0) then { id = base_id + 3; cc = 15 - base_id - 3 + set_num; } "The ring oscillator turns on when ACTIVE and remains" "on until TXD. Each gate in the ring adds 2 ns to the" "delay around the ring. The period of the oscillation is" "4 ns multiplied by the number of gates." @IF (ring_length == 2) { [FCK,R1]=[R1,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 3) { [FCK,R1..R2]=[R1..R2,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 4) { [FCK,R1..R3]=[R1..R3,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 5) { [FCK,R1..R4]=[R1..R4,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 6) { [FCK,R1..R5]=[R1..R5,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 7) { [FCK,R1..R6]=[R1..R6,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 8) { [FCK,R1..R7]=[R1..R7,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 9) { [FCK,R1..R8]=[R1..R8,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 10) { [FCK,R1..R9]=[R1..R9,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 11) { [FCK,R1..R10]=[R1..R10,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 12) { [FCK,R1..R11]=[R1..R11,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } @IF (ring_length == 13) { [FCK,R1..R12]=[R1..R12,!FCK & ACTIVE & !TXD]; } "The transmit clock divider runs off FCK and divides FCK down" "to 5 MHz by correct choice of fck_divisor during transmitter" "calibration. We compute two constants from fck_divisor. One" "is tck_divisor, which sets the transmit clock period as a" "multiple of the fast clock period. The other is ring_length," "which sets the number of gates in the ring oscillator that" "generates the fast clock. We enable the transmit clock divider" "only when the transmitter is active." tckd.aclr=!ACTIVE; tckd.clk=FCK; when (tckd==tck_divisor-1) then { tckd:=0; } else { tckd:=tckd+1; } "We detect the transmit clock divider being zero with TCKDZ. We" "clear TCKDZ to zero when the transmitter is inactive." TCKDZ.aclr=!ACTIVE; TCKDZ.clk=FCK; TCKDZ:=(tckd==0); "The transmit clock should be close to or a little less than 5 MHz," "with a duty cycle of exactly 50%. Each time the transmit clock counts" "down to zero, we invert the transmit clock." TCK.aclr=!ACTIVE; TCK.clk=TCKDZ; TCK:=!TCK; "The transmitter state machine steps through all its" "states when ACTIVE is asserted, and then stops in its" "final state, waiting for !ACTIVE, which will reset the" "transmitter state to zero." txs.aclr=!ACTIVE; txs.clk=TCK; when (txs==txs_done) then txs:=txs else txs:=txs+1; "Transmit sixteen ADC bits." when (txs>0) & (txs=1)&(txs =first_data_bit)&(txs =start_sck) & (txs<=end_sck) & !TCK; "Test Points" TP1=(frequency==frequency_low+frequency_step); TP2=CK; "Forcing Outputs. We assign TP3 to be a function of the" "thirteen chip pin whose pads we use to route power to" "the power pins at the center of the 8x8 ball grid array." "Without this declaration, these balls are treated by the" "compiler as unconnected, and are assigned pull-up resistors" "that consume current. We want to set them to HOLD in the" "contraint manager." TP3=[L8..L0] != 0; END